Project News

ECO2Fuel Welcomes Trio of Sustainability Experts to Forge Ahead in Clean Energy Research

The ECO2Fuel consortium is proud to announce the addition of three distinguished members to its team, each bringing a wealth of knowledge and expertise to our innovative and sustainable energy mission.

Daniele Costa joins us as a seasoned Senior Researcher and Project Manager in Sustainable Energy Systems Assessment & Modelling at VITO. With over 15 years in the field, Daniele has a profound understanding of life cycle thinking tools, including prospective Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA). Her prestigious career spans across major energy industry companies and renowned universities like the University of Porto and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Daniele is an acclaimed author of over 30 peer-reviewed publications and has played significant roles in various R&D projects, particularly those funded by the European Union. Her expertise is especially relevant in bioenergy, bioeconomy, and forest-based industries.

At VITO, Daniele dedicates her efforts to the prospective sustainability assessment of energy technologies in H2020 and HEurope Projects, contributing to groundbreaking work in projects such as PERCISTAND, SOLMATE, CIRCUSOL, and SITA. Daniele is an accomplished academic, holding a PhD in Environmental Engineering from the University of Porto and degrees in environmental engineering, energy planning, and occupational health and safety from other esteemed institutions.

Gustavo Ezequiel Martinez has recently joined VITO, bringing his fresh and innovative perspective to the team. Gustavo, a chemical engineering graduate from Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, also holds a Nordic master’s degree with honours in Innovative and Sustainable Energy Engineering from Chalmers/Aalto University. His master thesis offered valuable insights into the influence of policies on the carbon capture, storage, and utilization (CCUS) system development in Sweden.

At VITO, Gustavo is deeply involved in assessing emerging energy technologies for EU-funded projects, employing LCA and other sustainability tools. His role in the ECO2Fuel project is particularly crucial, where he evaluates the environmental impacts of the value chain using prospective LCA.

Gabriela Espadas Aldana is the latest addition, having joined the Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO) team. Gabriela’s rich educational background includes a PhD in Agro-resource sciences from the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse, a bachelor’s degree in Chemical-Industrial-Engineering from the Autonomous University of Yucatán, and a master’s degree in Green Chemistry and Processes for Biomass from INP Toulouse-ENSIACET.

Her doctoral research focused on the sustainability of French olive oil production through LCA. Gabriela is not only an academic but also brings practical experience as an Environmental Consultant, having conducted several LCA and Circular Economy projects in the private and public sectors. At VITO, she continues to assess the environmental impact of future-oriented energy technologies. Within ECO2Fuel, as part of the VITO-SESAM-LCA team, Gabriela will evaluate the sustainability of the full value chain using the LCA methodology.

ECO2Fuel Perspectives

Turning CO2 Emissions into Sustainable Fuel: The Power of CO2 Recycling

Welcome to the inaugural episode of the ECO2Fuel Perspectives podcast, a pioneering platform where we discuss, debate, and delve into the groundbreaking research in the world of carbon dioxide (CO2) recycling. In this episode, we have two esteemed researchers in the field, Dr. Antonino Salvatore Aricó and Dr. Schwan Hosseiny, exploring the vast potential of CO2 recycling and how it could revolutionize our energy system.

ECO2Fuel Perspectives #1 – Turning CO2 Emissions into Sustainable Fuel: The Power of CO2 Recycling

Confronting Climate Change with CO2 Recycling

The episode begins with a frank discussion on the urgency of combating climate change and how CO2 recycling can play a pivotal role in this fight. Dr. Aricó explains the principle behind CO2 recycling, emphasizing its potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and convert CO2 into useful fuels and chemicals – creating a carbon-neutral or even carbon-negative cycle.

The Catalyst for Change: Role of Catalysts in CO2 Recycling

Our experts then take a deep dive into the role of catalysts in CO2 recycling. The discussion encompasses the challenge of achieving multicarbon compounds, the importance of controlling the copper oxide oxidation state, and how catalyst chemistry depends on the products we wish to achieve.

Efficiency and Stability: Two Pillars of Successful CO2 Recycling

Dr. Aricó and Dr. Hosseiny further explore the critical parameters in the field of CO2 recycling – productivity, stability, and energy efficiency. They elaborate on the challenges in maintaining high selectivity towards high molecular weight hydrocarbons while operating at high current densities. They emphasize that not only is initial performance crucial but also the durability of the process.

The Financial Aspect: Cost-Effectiveness of CO2 Recycling

No discussion on the viability of a technology can be complete without addressing its economic aspect. Our experts discuss the key factors driving the cost of synthetic fuels produced through CO2 recycling, primarily the cost of renewable electricity and the capital cost of the system. They also outline strategies to reduce these costs and enhance the process’s economic viability.

A Social Acceptance Perspective: Public Perception and Policymaking

Beyond the technical and financial aspects, the social acceptance of CO2 recycling is also a critical determinant of its success. The podcast sheds light on the importance of information campaigns in increasing the social acceptability of this technology. It underscores the need to communicate the benefits of CO2 recycling not only to the general public but also to policymakers.

The Final Verdict: Is CO2 Recycling Just Delaying CO2 Emissions?

The podcast ends on a thought-provoking note, addressing a commonly asked question – isn’t CO2 recycling simply delaying CO2 emissions? Dr. Aricó dispels this notion, emphasizing that CO2 recycling creates a carbon-neutral or even carbon-negative process, thereby playing a crucial role in decarbonizing our energy system.


  • Guest: Dr. Antonino Salvatore Aricó
  • Host: Dr. Schwan Hosseiny
  • Intro, Outro, Schnitt, Logo: Stephanie Henke-von der Malsburg